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Voskresensky Copper Smelter

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Photos

  • Воскресенский медеплавильный завод. Photo 1
  • Воскресенский медеплавильный завод. Photo 2
  • Воскресенский медеплавильный завод. Photo 3
  • Воскресенский медеплавильный завод. Photo 4
  • Воскресенский медеплавильный завод. Photo 5
  • Воскресенский медеплавильный завод. Photo 6
  • Воскресенский медеплавильный завод. Photo 7
  • Воскресенский медеплавильный завод. Photo 8

Description

The history of the copper smelter in the village of Voskresenskoye, also known as the Pugachevsky plant, on the Voskresenskaya River in the Republic of Bashkortostan, began in 1734. An expedition led by Ivan Kirilov explored these places and recommended the construction of a metallurgical plant. However, as a result of the Bashkir uprising in 1735-1740, part of the plant's buildings was destroyed, and the project was not completed.

In 1744, the copper smelter was transferred into private hands to the merchant Ivan Borisovich Tverdyshev. He rebuilt the plant at a new location on the Tora River, 96 km from the original location, using equipment from the old plant. Tverdyshev created a successful enterprise producing copper for military needs.

During the Pugachev uprising, the plant was captured by Pugachev's troops and was used as an arsenal. After Pugachev's defeat, the plant was looted and destroyed.

After this, the plant changed owners and production direction several times. It eventually came under the control of an English company in 1870 and then, in 1891, was sold to W.A. Pashkov. Under his leadership, copper production was discontinued in 1896, and the plant was rebuilt to produce cast iron. However, in 1902 the plant was finally closed due to the industrial crisis.

Today, on the site of the plant there are ruins reminiscent of its rich history. In the city of Beloretsk, a monument to Ivan Borisovich Tverdyshev, the founder of the plant, was erected.

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